Part of Archives visual records collection. A group of girls from the Providence Orphanage, New Westminster. Administrative records. The Provincial Secretary was responsible for the administration of grants to public hospitals, and later regulation of the the hospitals, until the Hospital Insurance Service was established as the third branch of the Department of Health and Welf Alexandra Non-sectarian Orphanage, Vancouver. Boys' Home at Port Simpson.
In , at the insistence of the provincial government, Ottawa imposed a head tax of fifty dollars on all Chinese immigrants; this tax would expand to five hundred dollars in and would remain in play until Despite authorizing the tax, the federal government acted as a brake on local discrimination against Asian immigrants. In , , and , when the BC government tried to introduce English-language requirements in hopes of curtailing Chinese immigration, Ottawa frustrated its efforts on the grounds that it, not Victoria, had jurisdiction over immigration. The Chinese were also denied the provincial franchise, and though they were permitted to vote federally, Ottawa based its list of electors on that of the provinces, which effectively denied all voting privileges to the Chinese in British Columbia. Once the Japanese population began to exceed that of the Chinese in the s, legislators focused on curbing its influence in the province.
Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. By , 10, people of Japanese ancestry had settled permanently in Canada. More than 90 per cent of the people of Japanese descent live in three provinces: British Columbia 42 per cent , Ontario 35 per cent and Alberta 14 per cent. The first wave of Japanese immigrants, called Issei first generation , arrived between and Until , almost all immigrants were young men.