Helena A. Kwakwa, M. We describe a case of female-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus HIV. A year-old African American woman with no obvious risk factors received a diagnosis of HIV infection, and the genotype of the infecting strain closely matched that of the strain infecting her openly bisexual female partner. The route of transmission was probably use of sex toys, used vigorously enough to cause exchange of blood-tinged body fluids.
Likely Female-to-Female Sexual Transmission of HIV — Texas, 2012
Likely Female-to-Female Sexual Transmission of HIV — Texas,
HIV prevention and service programmes have long either ignored or overlooked lesbians. The experiences of lesbians with HIV have similarly been unrecognised and unreported. This erasure has contributed to the invisibility of lesbians in relation to HIV and related health risks. This community participatory study, based on in-depth interviews with twenty-four self-identifying African lesbians living with HIV in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia, focuses on their personal experiences and circumstances. Women's experiences shed light and challenge popular notions around lesbian risk. In particular among this group are lesbians who self-report exclusive sexual relationships with women.
But as recent as , there have been cases of sexual transmission between two women where no other possible route of infection. Does this mean that the woman-to-woman sexual transmission of HIV can no longer be considered rare? Or are there specific factors that increase that potential for infection that might inform prevention strategies moving forward?
The biologic risk of transmission through female-to-female sex is unknown, but case reports of female-to-female transmission of HIV and the well-documented risk of female-to-male transmission of HIV indicate that vaginal secretions and menstrual blood are potentially infectious and that mucous membrane e. Am J Pub Health ; AIDS ;