The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association | ILGA
With the exception of South Africa and Cape Verde , lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT rights in Africa are very limited in comparison to many other areas of the world. Out of the 54 states recognised by the United Nations or African Union or both, the International Gay and Lesbian Association stated in that homosexuality is outlawed in 34 African countries. Since , some developed countries have been considering or implementing laws that limit or prohibit general budget support to countries that restrict the rights of LGBT people. Nevertheless, most scholarship and research demonstrates that homosexuality has long been a part of various African cultures. In Sudan , Somalia , Somaliland , Mauritania and northern Nigeria , homosexuality is punishable by death.
PDF Download. Arndt, Marlene Attitudes towards bisexual men and women: the relationship between respondents' attitudes and their sexual orientation. PhD Dissertation, University of Johannesburg. Download Page.
This is due in part to how important population size estimates regarding the number of individuals who identify as GBMSM are to informing the development and monitoring of HIV prevention, treatment, and care programs and coverage. However, pervasive stigma and criminalization of same-sex practices and relationships provide a challenging environment for population enumeration, and these factors have been associated with implausibly low or absent size estimates of GBMSM, thereby limiting knowledge about the dynamics of HIV transmission and the implementation of programs addressing GBMSM. This study leverages estimates of the number of members of a social app geared towards gay men Hornet and members of Facebook using self-reported relationship interests in men, men and women, and those with at least one reported same-sex interest.