The notion of fixation involves a certain mode of connection that a drive has with its ideational representatives its objects as a function of a primitive phase of the subject's sexual organization. This mode of connection is characterized, at the economic level, by the withdrawal from general circulation of more or less significant quantities of libido. On the dynamic level it is marked by the absence of mobility of the drive in question. On the topographical level, the connection is inscribed in the unconscious. In Freud's work, the idea of fixation is theoretically associated with four other notions: traumatism, regression, repression, and predisposition. These form the successive stages of Freud's elaboration of the concept of fixation.
Chapter 4: Section 3: Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development | AllPsych
By Saul McLeod , updated Freud proposed that psychological development in childhood takes place during five psychosexual stages: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. As a person grows physically certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration erogenous zones , pleasure or both. Freud believed that life was built round tension and pleasure. Freud also believed that all tension was due to the build-up of libido sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge.
Chapter 4: Section 3: Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development
Sigmund Freud is probably the most well known theorist when it comes to the development of personality. This theory is probably the most well known as well as the most controversial, as Freud believed that we develop through stages based upon a particular erogenous zone. During each stage, an unsuccessful completion means that a child becomes fixated on that particular erogenous zone and either over— or under-indulges once he or she becomes an adult. During the oral stage, the child if focused on oral pleasures sucking. Too much or too little gratification can result in an Oral Fixation or Oral Personality which is evidenced by a preoccupation with oral activities.
In Freudian psychology , psychosexual development is a central element of the psychoanalytic sexual drive theory , that human beings, from birth, possess an instinctual libido sexual energy that develops in five stages. Being unsatisfied at the particular stages can result fixation. On the other hand, being satisfied can result a healthy personality. Sigmund Freud proposed that if the child experienced sexual frustration in relation to any psychosexual developmental stage, they would experience anxiety that would persist into adulthood as a neurosis , a functional mental disorder.